My article, “Smart City Development in China” is in the China Business Review this week. It is in some sense a condensed and updated version of what I learned about China researching the “Smart Cities: Asia Pacific” report late last year. There is also more discussion of the challenges that international (especially American) technology firms face in the Chinese market, an issue which keeps returning with every flareup in the China-US relationship. After writing the article, here are the main ongoing questions I was left with:
- To what extent is China’s smart city investment push a real attempt to solve urban problems, and to what extent is it just another way to package infrastructure investment and support GDP growth? I suspect the answer is that it depends on who you ask — The policy managers in Beijing are really looking to the benefits of the technology and the industry, and local leaders often are just packaging the investment they want in terms they think are most palatable to the center.
- Can Chinese smart city projects move beyond a relatively simple “informatization” of systems to create really transformative connections between them? For example, putting sensors on buses to show arrival times is useful. But connecting the bus sensors to traffic prediction analytics, electric grid balancing systems, public safety cameras, and so forth will really change the way cities work. This question applies around the world, but I think especially in China, where officials are moving fast to implement simple projects without (so far as I have seen) much thought about larger systems. On the other hand, you could argue that getting simple systems in place as building blocks for more comprehensive ones is actually better than trying to design something that nobody yet really understands.
- Will China’s extremely young open data and civic hacking movements be able to develop a healthy counterbalance to the collection of civic data (including personal data) in official hands? Feng Gao, the Open Knowledge ambassador for China, is a great person to follow on this question.